49% of parents are concerned about companies collecting information about what their children are doing online (Ofcom, 2019).
Privacy and user terms are being updated with anyone who doesn’t accept them having to leave the platform. The idea is that Facebook will then be able to inform personalised advertising on all of its platforms, including Instagram.
The recent frenzy has meant millions of people have switched to alternative services such as Signal and Telegram.
Here’s what we know so far…
What is changing?
User data on WhatsApp will now be able to be shared with Facebook under the new policy but messages sent between users will remain private and encrypted
WhatsApp has vowed that users inside the UK and EU will see no changes outside of business messaging – but all users still must agree to the terms
What will the data be used for?
The data shared will be for threenew features:
New commerce features that allow goods to be shown in WhatsApp. These features may also be used to tailor ads on Facebook and Instagram
Facebook ads will allow users to click through to speak to businesses on WhatsApp
Facebook’s hosting services that are offered to shops on WhatsApp
What has been WhatsApp’s response?
The company has assured users that it can’t see any content of private messages and calls – that includes group chats
It’s also said that location data won’t be passed on
While WhatsApp does collects users’ contacts, they won’t be passed onto Facebook
So why have people suddenly moved to other services?
A big influence has been the voice of high-profile figures who’ve said to make the switch – including whistle-blower Edward Snowden and Tesla founder Elon Musk
Signaldoesn’t collect any metadata such as a user’s identity, location etc.
Signal’s strong encryption methods also mean that government officials, journalists and even Black Lives Matter activists have used the app thanks to its secure reputation
The rush to download the Signal app has made the service crash twice – from 20 million followers in December 2020 to 525 million followers today
Is Telegram just as safe?
Telegram is not end-to-end encrypted like WhatsApp and Signal – your messages aren’t secured
However, users can enable a ‘secret chat’ function to ensure their messages remain private
Currently, WhatsApp rules state that all users must be over the age of 16. There is however no enforcement or adequate age verification process to control this.
The fact that messages on WhatsApp are encrypted does still pose potential risks. It can make it more difficult to catch and prosecute online child sex offenders as messages can’t always be deciphered.
The new update from WhatsApp means that data will be shared with Facebook for marketing purposes to drive personalised advertising to users if they live outside the European Union – that currently includes the UK.
However, because of Brexit, Facebook services in the UK will be transferring from Facebook Ireland (Facebook EU’s base) which does leave the potential for data privacy changes. Whether this happens is yet to be confirmed.
WhatsApp has said nothing will change, although proof has yet to be published.
What should parents keep in mind?
Be aware of the potential dangers of messages on Signal being encrypted